Concluding remarks Acrocordiopsis, Astrosphaeriella sensu stricto, Mamillisphaeria, Caryospora and Caryosporella are morphologically similar as all have very thick-walled carbonaceous ascomata, narrow pseudoparaphyses in a gelatinous matrix (trabeculae) and bitunicate, fissitunicate asci. Despite their similarities, the shape of asci and ascospores differs (e.g. Mamillisphaeria has sac-like asci and two types of ascospores, brown or hyaline, Astrosphaeriella has cylindro-clavate asci and narrowly fusoid ascospores, both Acrocordiopsis selleck and
Caryosporella has cylindrical asci, but ascospores of Caryosporella are reddish brown). Therefore, the current familial placement of Acrocordiopsis cannot be determined. All generic types of Astrosphaeriella sensu stricto, Mamillisphaeria and Caryospora should be recollected and isolated for phylogenetic study. Aigialus Kohlm. & S. Schatz, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 85: 699 (1985). (Aigialaceae) Generic description Habitat marine, saprobic. Ascomata mostly subglobose in front view, fusoid in sagittal section, rarely subglobose, scattered, immersed to erumpent, papillate, ostiolate, ostiole rounded or slit-like, periphysate. Peridium 2-layered. Hamathecium of trabeculate pseudoparaphyses. Asci
8-spored, cylindrical, pedicellate, with an ocular chamber and conspicuous apical ring. Ascospores ellipsoidal to fusoid, muriform, yellow brown to brown, with terminal appendages. Anamorphs reported find more for genus: none. Literature: Doxorubicin mouse Eriksson 2006; Jones et al. 2009; Kohlmeyer and Schatz 1985; Lumbsch and Huhndorf 2007. Type species Aigialus grandis Kohlm. & S. Schatz, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 85: 699 (1985). (Fig. 2) Fig. 2 Aigialus grandis (from NY, J.K. 4332b, isotype). a Ascomata on the host surface. Note the longitudinal slit-like furrow which is the ostiole. b Section of the peridium. c, d. Released ascospores. e Ascospores in ascus. Note the conspicuous apical ring. f Cylindrical ascus with a long pedicel. Scale bars: a = 1 mm, b = 200 μm, c–f = 20 μm Ascomata 1–1.25 mm high × 1–1.3 mm
diam. in front view, 250–400 μm broad in sagittal section, vertically flattened subglobose, laterally compressed, scattered, immersed to semi-immersed, papillate, with an elongated furrow at the top of the papilla, wall black, carbonaceous, ostiolate, ostiole filled with branched or forked septate periphyses (Fig. 2a). Peridium 70–100 μm thick laterally, up to 150 μm thick at the apex, thinner at the base, comprising two cell types, outer layer composed of small heavily pigmented thick-walled pseudoparenchymatous cells, cells 1–2 μm diam., cell wall 2–5 μm thick, inner layer thin, composed of small hyaline cells (Fig. 2b). Hamathecium of dense, very long trabeculate pseudoparaphyses, 0.8–1.2 μm broad, embedded in mucilage, anastomosing and branching above the asci.