Relationships between fabric, sedimentary facies and Selleck OICR-9429 Stromatolite morphologies indicate: that microbes played a role in local mediation of sediment deposition (leading to stromatolite
formation); the environmental forces that the microbes were subject to; the likely responsive strategies that microbes adopted; and the resultant effect on stromatolite morphology. As targeted, precise, geochemical and organic geochemical data are obtained in the Strelley Pool Formation, their interpretation is greatly constrained by their relationship with the fabrics and facies they are found in. The approach has proven useful not only in revealing new types Target Selective Inhibitor Library of evidence for the origin of the Strelley Pool Formation stromatolites, but also for generating principles that can be applied to other cases. Allwood A.C., Walter M.R., Kamber B.S., Tipifarnib Marshall C.P., Burch I.W., 2006. Stromatolite reef from the Early Archaean era of Australia. Nature, 44:714–718. E-mail: Abigail.C.Allwood@jpl.nasa.gov
Four Oxygen Reductases, Four Evolutionary Histories: Implications for the Emergence of Aerobic Respiration and Early Earth Atmosphere Celine Brochier-Armanet*1,3, Emmanuel Talla2,3, Simonetta Gribaldo*4 1Université de Provence Aix-Marseille I, France; 2Université de la Méditerranée Aix-Marseille II, France; 3Laboratoire de Chimie Bactérienne CNRS UPR9043, Marseille, France; 4Unité de Biologie Moléculaire chez les Extremophiles (BMGE), Institut Pasteur, Paris, France Understanding the origin and evolution of cellular processes is fundamental to understand how biological activity has shaped the history of our planet as well as its biota. Dimethyl sulfoxide We have investigated the distribution of the four types of oxygen reductases—the
key enzymes of aerobic respiratory chains, in all available complete archaeal and bacterial genomes, and analyzed their phylogeny. Our results show that each oxygen reductase type has a very different evolutionary history. However, one of them was already present prior to the divergence of Bacteria and Archaea, and was maintained throughout their subsequent diversification. Implications for the emergence of aerobic respiration and early earth atmosphere will be discussed. Titan: Exploring an Earth-Analogue A. Coustenis LESIA, Paris-Meudon Observatory, France Titan, Saturn’s largest satellite was discovered in 1655 by Huygens. Much later, it was found to possess a substantial atmosphere by Kuiper in the 1940s. Titan is today still the only confirmed exobiotic environment known to us. It is also perhaps the most intriguing object in our Solar System.