using the other two methods predictions were either less Survivin significant or less robust : we observed many instances where UPR AV failed to capture the known biological association. Evaluation of Netpath in breast cancer gene expression data Next, we wanted to evaluate the Netpath resource in the context of breast cancer gene expression data. To this end we applied our algorithm to ask if the genes hypothesized to be up and downregulated in response to pathway stimuli showed corresponding correlations across primary breast cancers, which may therefore indi cate potential relevance of this pathway in explaining some of the variation in the data. Because of the large differences in expression between ER and ER breast cancer the evaluation was done for each subtype sepa rately.
The inferred relevance correlation net works were sparse, specially in ER breast cancer, and for many pathways a large fraction of the correlations were inconsistent with the prior information. Given the rela tively large number purchase PF299804 of edges in the network even small consistency scores were statistically significant. The ana lysis did reveal that for some pathways the prior information was not at all consistent with the expression patterns observed indicat ing that this specific prior information would not be useful in this context. The specific pruned networks and the genes ranked according to their degree/hubness in the these networks are given in Additional Files 1,2,3,4. Denoising prior information improves the robustness of statistical inference Another strategy to evaluate and compare the different algorithms is in their ability to make correct predictions about pathway correlations.
Knowing which pathways correlate or anticorrelate in a given phenotype can pro vide important biological insights. Thus, having esti mated the pathway activity levels in our training breast cancer set we next identified the statistically significant correlations between pathways Infectious causes of cancer in this same set. We treat these significant correlations as hypotheses. For each significant pathway pair we then computed a consistency score over the 5 validation sets and compared these consistency scores between the three different algorithms. The consistency scores reflect the overall significance, directionality and magnitude of the predicted correlations in the validation sets.
We found that DART significantly improved the consistency scores over the method that did not implement the denoising step, for both breast cancer subtypes as Doxorubicin price well as for the up and down regulated transcriptional modules. Expression correlation hubs improve pathway activity estimates Using the weighted average metric also improved consistency scores over using an unweighted average, but this was true only for the up regu lated modules.