50 mM Tris HCl, pH 7. 8 150 mM NaCl, 5 mM EDTA, 5 uL mL Triton 100, 5 uL mL Nonidet P40, 1 uL mL sodium deo ycholate, and an EDTA free complete pro tease inhibitor cocktail on ice for 30 minutes. The selleck products lysates were adjusted for protein concentration with a BCA protein assay kit. The lysate proteins were resolved by 10% SDS PAGE and then transferred to PVDF mem branes. The membranes were blocked and incubated with specific antibodies against SIRT1, E cadherin, vimentin, acetylated lysine, actin, N cadherin, Smad4, MMP7, and GAPDH. The resolved protein bands were visualized by enhanced chemiluminescence ECL Plus detection system. Immunohistochemistry IHC was conducted to detect protein e pression in paraffin embedded oral squamous cell carcinoma speci mens.
The slides were stained with rabbit anti SIRT1 polyclonal antibody and goat anti Smad4 polyclonal antibody using an automatic slide stainer BenchMark T. Hemato ylin was used as the counterstain. Two independent pathologists eval uated each slide under a light microscope. Immunoreac tivity was classified by estimating the percentage of tumor cells e hibiting characteristic staining and by estimating the intensity of staining. Results were scored by multiplying the percentage of positive cells by the intensity. In vivo metastasis assay Si week old male CB17 SCID mice were anesthetized by intraperitoneal injection with 100 mg kg ketamine and 10 mg ylazine. Prior to injec tion, human OSCC cell line OECM1 S1 stably e pressing SIRT1 e pression plasmid or vector alone was grown to 70% confluence.
The OSCC cells were suspended in RPMI 1640, chilled on ice, and adjusted to a final concen tration of 2. 5 105 cells mL. For detecting metastasis, we used an orthotopic floor of the mouth murine model which was monitored for 28 to 42 days. After sacrifice, the organ and tissues were removed, fi ed, paraffin embedded, serially sectioned, and subjected to hemato ylin and eosin and IHC staining. Enzyme activity assay SIRT1 proteins obtained from total lysates of cultured cells and human tissue were concentrated using a Pierce Entinostat Crosslink IP Kit, according to the manufacturers recommendations. Protein concentrations were determined using a Bio Rad protein assay kit. SIRT1 enzyme activity was determined using a SIRT1 Fluorometric Kit according to the manufacturers in structions.
This assay uses a small http://www.selleckchem.com/products/BI6727-Volasertib.html lysine acetylated peptide, corresponding to K382 of human p53, as a substrate. The lysine residue is deacetylated by SIRT1, and this process is dependent on addition of e ogenous NAD. The fluores cence values obtained in the absence of NAD did not differ from those obtained with the blank. Addition of e ogenous NAD was necessary, and this was most likely because endogenous NAD was lost during sam ple preparation. The enzyme activity assay for SIRT1 was performed in 50 uL of reaction buffer containing 25 uL of SIRT1 proteins, 50 uM Fluor de Lys SIRT1 sub strate, and 500 uM NAD. Deacetylation reactions were conducted at 37