Figure 3a,b shows room-temperature luminescence spectra for the ZnO-nanorod-based heterojunction without and with NiO buffer layer, respectively. It can be seen that a small peak at 425 nm is originating from the GaN substrate; however, a weak UV peak and a wide broad peak in the visible regions are also observed as shown in Figure 3a. Using the NiO buffer layer, the luminescence
DihydrotestosteroneDHT solubility dmso properties of the n-type ZnO nanorods/learn more p-type GaN heterojunction are highly improved as shown in Figure 3b. The used NiO buffer layer has enhanced the luminescence properties due to more favourable hole injections and double recombination compared to the heterojunction without NiO buffer layer. It can be observed that the accelerating voltage has also made an influence on the local luminescence properties of the fabricated heterojunctions. The measured spectra showed that the number of excited carriers seems in proportion with the accelerating voltage. Similarly, ZnO-nanotube-based heterojunctions
were developed without and with NiO buffer layer on the GaN substrate, and the luminescence behaviour was studied by the CL technique as shown in Figure 3c,d, respectively. It can be observed that Cediranib mw the NiO buffer layer has also shown the same luminescence trend as in the case of the ZnO nanorods. Figure 3 CL spectra of nanorods and nanotubes without and with NiO buffer layer. ZnO nanorods (a) on GaN and (b) on NiO thin-layer-coated GaN. ZnO nanotubes
(c) on GaN and (d) on NiO thin-layer-coated on GaN. Figure 4 shows the CL spectra for the comparative study of nanorods and nanotubes based on devices at a fixed voltage of 20 kV. It can be clearly seen that the NiO has significantly contributed for the enhanced luminescent performance of the prepared light-emitting diodes compared to the light-emitting diode without a NiO buffer layer. Figure 4 Comparative CL spectra of ZnO nanorods and nanotubes with and without buffer layer. (a) CL spectra of ZnO nanorods (b) CL spectra of ZnO nanotubes. The room temperature EL of the fabricated LEDs under forward bias at a constant current of 15 mA is shown in Figure 5. Figure 5a shows the EL response Isotretinoin for the n-type ZnO nanorods/p-type GaN-developed LED in the presence and absence of the NiO buffer layer. In addition to the fabrication of NiO-buffer-layer-based LEDs with ZnO nanorods, the ZnO-nanotube-based LEDs were also produced. The EL spectra are shown in Figure 5b. It can be inferred that by introducing the NiO buffer layer, the luminescence properties of LEDs are significantly improved due to more injection holes, and a large number of electron-hole recombination is taking place at the interface.