aureus) phenotype. Isolates from patient CFU_41 did not show BOR-SA characteristics, suggesting that methicillin resistance resulted from a new modified penicillin-binding capacity (MOD-SA phenotype for Modified PBP-S. aureus) , though this modified capacity was not investigated. In patients colonized by BOR-SA or MOD-SA, isolates showing the same genotype but different susceptibility patterns were occasionally recovered from the same
sputum sample, or over time in successive samples. The genetic diversity of strains as assessed by MLVA A total of 278 isolates were genotyped by MLVA using fourteen VNTRs (Table AZD5363 1). Overall the Talazoparib order PCR efficiency was very satisfying and there was no difficulty in evaluating the amplicon size on 2% agarose gels. In one case, the presence of several bands with Sa0122 (spa) suggested the existence of two different variants of a strain in the sample. Indeed this could be confirmed by testing several colonies from a culture (data not shown). Table 1 VNTRs characteristics and primers for PCR amplification  VNTRa repeat size (bp) Mu50 N° repeats oligos Locus name Sa0122b 24 10 L AGCAGTAGTGCCGTTTGCTT
spa R AAGACGATCCTTCAGTGAGCA Sa0266c 81 6 L TTGGATATGAAGCGAGACCA coa R CTTCCGATTGTTCGATGCTT Sa0311 55 3 L AGGGTTAGAGCCCGAGACAT STAR R CACGGGATTGGAACAGAAAT Sa0704 67 4 L CGCGCGTGAATCTCTTTTAT intergenic R AGTCCCATATCGTGCGTTAAA Sa0906F 56 3 L CATGTATTCATGGGATTGCAGC STARd R CAGATTTTC CTTCAACAATTATCAC Sa1132 63 6 L CGTGCATAATGGCTTACGAA SAV1078 R AAGCAGCAGAAAAAGCTAAAGAA Sa1194 67 7 L AGTGCAAGCGGAAATTGAAG
intergenic R ATCGTGAAAAAGCCCAAAAA Sa1213F 56 5 L GGCTGATGCTAAAGTTGCATTAGA STAR R GTGGCATGTTCTACAAACGTAAAC Sa1291 64 4 L GGGGGAAATTCTAAGCAACC intergenic R CGAAATTTTCCACGTCGATT Sa1425 58 4 L TCGTTATTAAACTACGAATTCTCGATT STAR R ATTTCGRGAATGATTCAATTCAATTTT Sa1729b 56 5 L TACTTAAAAATARGAATACATAATTAG STAR R CAACAATAAATTACTTATTTGAAGTT Sa1866 159 3 L CTGTTTTGCAGCGTTTGCTA Sitaxentan SAV1738 R GCAACTTGAAGAAACGGTTG Sa2039 56 3 L TTCGTTCTACCCCAACTTGC STAR R GAGCCTGGGTCATAAATTCAA Sa1756e 131 1 L AATTATAGCATATTAGAGCCCCTTA 50S ribosomal protein L27 Alias SIRU15 R ACGTAAAGGTCGCGACAAAA a The chromosomal position on the Mu50 genome, in kilobase-pairs is indicated in the VNTR name, for example Sa0120 is at position 120,000. b primers different from  c primers different from  d STAR stands for S. aureus repeat e primers different from SIRU15  The S. aureus population diversity is shown in the minimum spanning tree representation on Figure 1.