Tests were considered of statistical significance when their p values were less than 0.05. Results Expression and distribution of HBsAg and LEF-1 protein in HCC tissues Immunohistochemical staining of the HCC tissues showed that HBsAg was detected in 13 of 30 HCC tissues, either in tumor cells or peritumor
cells. HBsAg was detected only in 5 out of the 13 tumor tissues, while in the paired peritumor tissues, HBsAg was observed in all 13 samples (Table 2). LEF-1 was detected in both tumor cells and peritumor cells of all 30 HCC tissues, with no significant difference between tumor cells CX-5461 purchase and peritumor cells. When LEF-1 expression level was analyzed in the HBsAg positive tissues, it was simultaneously associated with the expression levels of HBsAg (Figure 1 and Table 2). The exspression of LEF-1 was found
more pronounced in peritumor tissues, compared to that in the tumor tissues among HBsAg positive HCC samples, whereas, no significant differences of LEF-1 expression were observed between tumor cells and peritumor cells in the other 17 HBsAg negative tissues. Cellular distribution pattern of LEF-1 protein was compared between peritumor cells and tumor cells of HBsAg positive tissues. LEF-1 protein was located Ribonucleotide reductase Histone Methyltransferase inhibitor either exclusively in the nucleus or both in the nucleus and cytoplasm of tumor cells, whereas in peritumor cells LEF-1 was located predominantly in the cytoplasm (Figure 2 and Table 2). When the expression of LEF-1 protein was compared with that of HBV negative normal liver tissues, marked up-regulation of LEF-1 was observed both in tumor tissues and the peri-tumor tisseus among all of 30 HCC tissues. The cellular
location of LEF-1 in normal liver cells was in the cytoplasm, more closely representing that in peritumor cells (Figure 2). Figure 1 Correlation between HBsAg and LEF-1 expression levels in HCC tissues. Expression levels of HBsAg (A) and LEF-1 (B) were analyzed by the immunohistochemical studies in 13 HBsAg positive HCC tissues. LEF-1 expression was positively correlated with HBsAg expression. The units of expression levels were set arbitrarily which were defined selleck inhibitor according to the color density by immunohistochemical staining. The examples of arbitrary units of color density are shown (1 faint brown, 2 median brown, 3 brown, 4 dark brown). Figure 2 Intracellular expression and distribution of HBsAg and LEF-1 in liver tissue sections.