Odds ratios (ORs) for breast (244 cases, 941 controls), colorecta

Odds ratios (ORs) for breast (244 cases, 941 controls), colorectal (221 cases, 886 controls), and prostate (204 cases, 812 controls) cancers were calculated relative to phytoestrogen


Results: Phytoestrogen Fludarabine datasheet intake was not associated with breast cancer among women or colorectal cancer among men. Among women, colorectal cancer risk was inversely associated with enterolactone (OR: 0.33; 95% CI: 0.14, 0.74) and total enterolignans (OR: 0.32; 95% CI: 0.13, 0.79), with a positive trend detected for secoisolariciresinol (OR: 1.60; 95% CI: 0.96, 2.69). A positive trend between enterolignan intake and prostate cancer risk (OR: 1.27; 95% CI: 0.97, 1.66) was attenuated after adjustment for dairy intake (OR: 1.19; 95% CI: 0.77, 1.82).

Conclusion: LY411575 Dietary phytoestrogens may contribute to the risk of colorectal cancer among women and prostate cancer among men. Am J Clin Nutr 2010;91:440-8.”
“Background: Disturbed satiety and hunger perception in obese individuals has been reported, however data on the dynamic changes of hormonal mediators are


Objective: To evaluate the secretion pattern of insulin, ghrelin, peptide-YY (PYY), and amylin via 0 to 180 min oral glucose tolerance testing in obese and lean children.

Subjects and Methods: A prospective clinical study was conducted on lean (n=9) and obese (n=20) Caucasian children of comparable age, gender, and pubertal stage. Serial blood samples were collected.

Results: Compared to baseline, levels of acylated ghrelin showed a significant decrease in lean (p<0.05) but not in obese children. PYY www.selleckchem.com/products/s63845.html increase was blunted and of shorter duration

(60 min) in obese children. Amylin levels increased in both groups, and attained significantly higher levels in obese children (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Glucose stimulated gut hormone secretion differed between obese and lean children, and may explain the disturbed satiety observed in obese children.”
“Background: Folate plays a critical role in DNA methylation, synthesis, and repair. Several epidemiologic studies suggest that higher folate intake is associated with decreased pancreatic cancer risk.

Objective: We investigated the association between dietary folate intake and pancreatic cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) cohort.

Design: Dietary data were collected with the use of a self-administered food-frequency questionnaire (1998-2005). Among the 5 1,988 male and 57,187 female participants, aged 55-74 y at enrollment, with complete dietary and multivitamin information, 162 men and 104 women developed pancreatic cancer during follow-up (January 1998 to December 2006; median: 6.5 y). We used Cox proportional hazards regression with age as the time metric to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs.

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