Odds ratios (ORs) for breast (244 cases, 941 controls), colorectal (221 cases, 886 controls), and prostate (204 cases, 812 controls) cancers were calculated relative to phytoestrogen
Results: Phytoestrogen Fludarabine datasheet intake was not associated with breast cancer among women or colorectal cancer among men. Among women, colorectal cancer risk was inversely associated with enterolactone (OR: 0.33; 95% CI: 0.14, 0.74) and total enterolignans (OR: 0.32; 95% CI: 0.13, 0.79), with a positive trend detected for secoisolariciresinol (OR: 1.60; 95% CI: 0.96, 2.69). A positive trend between enterolignan intake and prostate cancer risk (OR: 1.27; 95% CI: 0.97, 1.66) was attenuated after adjustment for dairy intake (OR: 1.19; 95% CI: 0.77, 1.82).
Conclusion: LY411575 Dietary phytoestrogens may contribute to the risk of colorectal cancer among women and prostate cancer among men. Am J Clin Nutr 2010;91:440-8.”
“Background: Disturbed satiety and hunger perception in obese individuals has been reported, however data on the dynamic changes of hormonal mediators are
Objective: To evaluate the secretion pattern of insulin, ghrelin, peptide-YY (PYY), and amylin via 0 to 180 min oral glucose tolerance testing in obese and lean children.
Subjects and Methods: A prospective clinical study was conducted on lean (n=9) and obese (n=20) Caucasian children of comparable age, gender, and pubertal stage. Serial blood samples were collected.
Results: Compared to baseline, levels of acylated ghrelin showed a significant decrease in lean (p<0.05) but not in obese children. PYY www.selleckchem.com/products/s63845.html increase was blunted and of shorter duration
(60 min) in obese children. Amylin levels increased in both groups, and attained significantly higher levels in obese children (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Glucose stimulated gut hormone secretion differed between obese and lean children, and may explain the disturbed satiety observed in obese children.”
“Background: Folate plays a critical role in DNA methylation, synthesis, and repair. Several epidemiologic studies suggest that higher folate intake is associated with decreased pancreatic cancer risk.
Objective: We investigated the association between dietary folate intake and pancreatic cancer in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO) cohort.
Design: Dietary data were collected with the use of a self-administered food-frequency questionnaire (1998-2005). Among the 5 1,988 male and 57,187 female participants, aged 55-74 y at enrollment, with complete dietary and multivitamin information, 162 men and 104 women developed pancreatic cancer during follow-up (January 1998 to December 2006; median: 6.5 y). We used Cox proportional hazards regression with age as the time metric to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs.