“BACKGROUND: Heterotopic abdominal pregnancies with coexis

“BACKGROUND: Heterotopic abdominal pregnancies with coexisting intrauterine pregnancies pose unique therapeutic challenges, and management options, particularly nonsurgical approaches,

are limited.

CASE: We present Small molecule library a case in which selective reduction of a heterotopic abdominal pregnancy during the second trimester using fetal intracardiac injection with potassium chloride enabled subsequent vaginal delivery of the intrauterine pregnancy at term. In addition, we summarize nine cases of nonsurgical management of heterotopic abdominal pregnancies, four of which involve potassium chloride selective reduction. Our case is unique in that the abdominal fetus remained as a stable lithopedion, allowing the uncomplicated conception and vaginal

delivery of a second intrauterine pregnancy without need for surgical intervention.

CONCLUSION: Our case report and literature review demonstrate the use of selective potassium chloride reduction in managing heterotopic abdominal pregnancy nonsurgically.”
“Rapid precorneal elimination of drug is a major limitation of conventional ophthalmic formulations. An ion activated in situ gel forming systems of an antibacterial agent moxifloxacin hydrochloride for instillation as drops into eye undergoing a sot to gel transition in the cul-de-sac was formulated. Sodium alginate was used as the gelling agent in combination with hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose. Formulations DZNeP molecular weight were evaluated for gelling capacity, pH, in vitro release, rheological study, Draize eye irritation Selleckchem Entinostat test and storage stability. Systems exhibited pseudoplastic rheology, evidenced by shear thinning with increase in shear stress and increased angular velocity. The in vitro release rate of moxifloxacin hydrochloride

from gel decreased as an inverse function of polymer concentration. The optimized products were stable and non irritant. Equal amounts of sodium alginate and hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose exhibit encouraging rheological properties with therapeutically effective and non-irritant product. This in situ gel system can be a viable alternative to conventional eye drops.”
“BACKGROUND: Vulvodynia is a complex and multifactorial clinical condition with severe pain that occurs in the absence of visible infectious, inflammatory, neoplastic, or neurological findings.

CASE: A 35-year-old woman with 3 years of dysesthetic vulvodynia tried conventional and interventional medical treatment with inadequate relief. She was offered peripheral subcutaneous vulvar field stimulation and underwent implantation of two vulvar subcutaneous electrodes. At 15 days after treatment and during 1-year follow-up, the patient scored 1 out of 15 on Friedrich scale, 1 out of 10 on the visual analog scale, and 1 out of 10 on the tampon test. The patient no longer requires oral medication.

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