All conjugates were tolerated to >= 40 mg/kg in mice. Thus, the IgG1v1 MMAF conjugate has an increased therapeutic index compared with the parent IgG1 conjugate. The improved antitumor activity of the IgG1v1 auristatin conjugates may relate to increased exposure as suggested by pharmacokinetic GSK1838705A analysis. The strategy used here for enhancing the therapeutic index of antibody-drug conjugates is independent of the antigen-binding variable domains and potentially applicable to other antibodies.”
“There are several genetic and acquired risk factors for venous thromboembolism. Exposure to high altitude (HA), either during air travel, ascension of mountains, or while engaging in sports
activities, has been observed to result in a hypercoagulable state, thus predisposing to thromboembolic events. Although several previous studies have suggested that conditions present at Selleck P5091 HAs contribute to establish a prothrombotic milieu, published reports are contradictory and the exact underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. Results from HA studies also show that environmental conditions at HA such as hypoxia, dehydration, hemoconcentration, low temperature, use of constrictive clothing as well as enforced stasis due to severe weather, would support
the occurrence of thrombotic disorders. The three leading factors of Virchow triad, that is, venous stasis, hypercoagulability, and vessel-wall injury, all appear to be present at HA. In synthesis, the large list of environmental variables suggests that a single cause of HA-induced thromboembolic disorders (TED) may not exist, so that this peculiar phenomenon should be seen as a complex or multifactorial trait. Further investigation is needed to understand the risk of TED at HA as well as the possible underlying mechanisms.”
“In clinical practice, hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is now recognized as a powerful means of delivering effective cellular immunotherapy for malignant and
non-malignant diseases. AS1842856 In patients with severe hematological malignancies, the success of allogeneic HCT is largely based on immunologic graft-versus-tumor (GVT) effects mediated by allogeneic T lymphocytes present in the graft. Unfortunately, this beneficial effect is counterbalanced by the occurrence of graft versus host reactions directed against normal host tissues resulting in graft versus host disease (GVHD), a potentially life-threatening complication that limits the success of allogeneic HCT. Therefore, while preserving beneficial GVT effects, a major objective in allogeneic HCT is the prevention of GVHD. Studies in the last decade revealed the central role of dendritic cells and macrophages in modulating graft versus host immune reactions after allogeneic HCT. In this review, we summarize recent progress and potential new therapeutic avenues using dendritic cell-based strategies to improve allogeneic HCT outcome.