Vitreous glucose, blood 3-beta-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and acetoace

Vitreous glucose, blood 3-beta-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and acetoacetate (AcAc) concentrations were also determined systematically. Additionally, vitreous and urine IPA, acetone, 3HB and AcAc concentrations as well as other biochemical markers, including

glycated Angiogenesis inhibitor hemoglobin and carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) were also determined in selected cases. The results of this study indicate that ketosis is characterized by the presence of IPA resulting from the acetone metabolism and that IPA can be detected in several substrates. These findings confirm the importance of the systematic determination of IPA and acetone levels that is used to quantify biochemical disturbances and the importance of ketosis at the time of death. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Migraine patients have an increased

photic-driving response. This ‘H-response’ (HR) has potential diagnostic value but it is time consuming. Aim: The aim of the study was to establish a fast and standardized test for the study of migraine biology and treatment. Methods: We studied 11 migraine patients and 11 matched control participants. We used stroboscope flashes with a ‘chirp’-like linear frequency-increase from 10 to 40 Hz. EEG was recorded from occipital electrodes. Power spectral density was calculated for the stimulus response and corrected for

baseline. An HR-estimator was calculated as the average power between 18 and 26 Hz in the stimulation-frequency window. Results: There was a significant difference for single (p smaller than 0.05) and for 10 averaged recordings (p smaller than 0.01) between migraineurs and controls, and a high inter-test reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.94). Conclusion: Chirp-like stimulation to study the H-response is reliable and efficient and might therefore have a potential for acute interventional studies in migraine research.”
“Reported food-related symptoms of patients may sometimes be misleading. A correct delineation of food-induced symptoms is often difficult and various differential diagnoses have to be considered. We report on two cases of food-induced, selleck predominantly respiratory symptoms (in one case life-threatening) in children with food allergy. First, a two-year-old boy with no history of allergies and suspected foreign body aspiration which was finally diagnosed as an anaphylactic reaction to fish, and secondly a six-year-old girl with multiple food allergies and allergic asthma who during an electively performed oral food challenge developed severe respiratory distress, drop in blood pressure, and asphyxia not due to an anaphylactic reaction but due to choking on an unnoticed sweet.

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