Moreover, it appears that low maternal BMI, and not Asian ethnicity, is an independent risk factor for the detection of these echogenic fetal findings.”
“Background: Revascularization with emergency stent placement in patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion is still controversial in Japan. Methods: We placed balloon-expandable coronary bare stents in 3 patients in whom revascularization was not obtained after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator therapy (IV t-PA) for acute ischemic stroke (middle cerebral artery M1 occlusion). Results: Patient 1 was an 87-year-old woman with left hemiplegia. Her National Institutes of
GANT61 supplier Health Stroke Scale score (NIHSS) was 12, and her magnetic resonance imaging diffusion-weighted image Alberta Stroke Programme Early Computed Tomography Score (MRI DWI-ASPECTS) was 8. Adequate revascularization was not obtained with IV t-PA and adjunctive percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for right M1 occlusion, and a stent was placed 368 minutes after onset. Her Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Trial (TIMI) score was 2. After 90 days, her modified Rankin scale (mRS) score was 4. Patient 2 was a
65-year-old JIB-04 clinical trial woman with left hemiplegia. Her NIHSS score was 16, and MRI DWI-ASPECTS was 9. A stent was placed 337 minutes after onset after IV t-PA and adjunctive PTA for right M1 occlusion. Her TIMI score was 3. After 90 days, her mRS score was 3. Patient 3 was a 61-year-old woman with left hemiplegia. Her NIHSS score was 18, and MRI DWI-ASPECTS score was 7. Arterial dissection was found after IV t-PA and adjunctive PTA for the right M1 occlusion, so a stent was placed 312 minutes after onset. Her TIMI score was 2. After 90 days, her mRS score was 0. Conclusions: Revascularization with emergency stent placement seems likely to be successful in patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion, but clinical symptoms do not always improve in some cases and care is needed in selecting patients for the
“The authors report on 2 cases of pediatric generalized dystonia with a DYT1 mutation; the patients, an 11-year-old girl and a 9-year-old boy, underwent chronic, pallidal deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi). The dystonic postures in both cases showed dramatic improvements with pallidal DBS, but each patient’s symptoms gradually recurred within a year, irrespective Selleck JPH203 of exhaustive readjustments of the stimulation settings. After the recurrence of the dystonic symptoms, the DBS leads were replaced within the GPi in one patient (Case 1) and additional DBS leads were implanted into the bilateral subthalamic nuclei in the other patient (Case 2). Neither measure produced any further clinical benefit, and the patient in Case 2 died of status dystonicus 2 days after reoperation. These findings suggest that early pallidal DBS for pediatric dystonia is indeed effective, although there are some cases in which its therapeutic effect is lost.