Conventional oil contrast lymphangiography allowed to accurately assess the case and to establish a proper therapeutic approach. The operation consisted in multiple antigravitational ligatures of dilated and incompetent chylous vessels and chylous vessel-mesenteric vein microanastomoses. Parameters concerning albumin and leukocytes normalized in 1 week after operation and remained stable with time; there were no more episodes of diarrhoea and the patient recovered weight. An accurate diagnostic assessment and above all lymphangiography allow to diagnose properly difficult
cases of immunodeficiency EGFR cancer due to intestinal protido-dispersion and to plan a correct therapeutic functional approach. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Microsurgery 30:401–404, 2010. “
“Glial cell line-derived
neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has potent axonal growth and survival effects on motoneurons. This study used transgenic Myo-GDNF mice to assess the effects of targeted GDNF overexpression on functional recovery after botulinum toxin type A (BTxA) chemodenervation. BTxA (0.1 U) was injected into the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle of wild-type CF1 and transgenic Myo-GDNF mice. On days 1, 7, 14, and 21 after injection, evoked muscle force production and muscle mass were measured (n = 6, for each group at each time point). Greater maximal tetanic force and calculated specific force were evoked in Myo-GDNF animals when compared with control CF1 animals at days 1, 7, and 21. However, the differences were not statistically selleck significant. Similarly, modest reductions in muscle
atrophy in the Myo-GDNF group at all time points were not statistically significant. Targeted overexpression of GDNF in the muscles of Myo-GDNF mice did not improve motor recovery in the first 21 days after BTxA chemodenervation. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2012. “
“Peripheral nerve injuries (PNI) 6-phosphogluconolactonase are a major source of morbidity worldwide. The development of cellular regenerative therapies has the potential to improve outcomes of nerve injuries. However, an ideal therapy has yet to be found. The purpose of this study is to examine the current literature key points of regenerative techniques using human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs) for nerve regeneration and derive a comprehensive approach to hADSC therapy for PNI. A literature review was conducted using the electronic database PubMed to search for current experimental approaches to repairing PNI using hADSCs. Key search elements focused on specific components of nerve regeneration paradigms, including (1) support cells, (2) scaffolds, and (3) nerve conduits. Strategic sequences were developed by optimizing the components of different experimental regenerative therapies. These sequences focus on priming hADSCs within a specialized growth medium, a hydrogel matrix base, and a collagen nerve conduit to achieve neuromodulatory nerve regeneration.