At mild conditions (50 degrees C, 5 weeks, 1-atm air, and excess

At mild conditions (50 degrees C, 5 weeks, 1-atm air, and excess lime loading of 0.4g Ca(OH)(2)/(g dry biomass)), air-lime pretreatment of ST had moderate delignification (64.4%) with little loss in polysaccharides. Without employing detoxification,

sterility, expensive nutrients, or costly enzymes, the feedstock (80% treated ST/20% chicken manure) was fermented to primarily ammonium acetate (> 75%) and butyrate by a mixed culture of marine microorganisms at 55 degrees C. In the best four-stage countercurrent fermentation, the product yield was 0.36 g total acids/(g VS Screening Library cell assay fed) and the substrate conversion was 64%. Model predictions indicate both high acid concentrations (> 47.5 g/L) and high substrate conversions (> 70%) are possible at industrial scale. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Objectives: To summarize findings from medication therapy management (MTM) “environmental scans” conducted from 2007 through 2010, interpret findings from the environmental scans using insights gained from the Future of MTM Roundtable convened in October 2010, and propose ideas for future positioning and integrating

of MTM programs in the U.S. health care system.\n\nMethods: Data for the environmental scans were collected from purposive samples of MTM pharmacist providers and MTM payers throughout the United States using self-administered online surveys in 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.\n\nResults: Based on the findings, it appears that MTM is becoming more developed and that see more some aspects of

MTM have become established within the organizations that are providing and paying for these programs. However, the findings also revealed that a need exists to better integrate MTM between organizations and patients serviced (business-to-consumer relationships), between partnering organizations (business-to-business relationships), and between collaborating practitioners (peer-to-peer relationships).\n\nConclusion: The findings suggest that a “channel of distribution” is emerging in which organizational relationships and cost efficiencies will be important considerations in the near term. We propose that applying (1) customer portfolio management and (2) Lonafarnib purchase transaction cost economics would help improve positioning and integrating MTM into the U.S. health care system.”
“Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the knot security and loop security of 2 sliding and 1 static arthroscopic knot tied with different types of suture material. Methods: We evaluated 3 commonly used arthroscopic knots (surgeon’s knot, Roeder knot, and Weston knot) tied with 6 different braided No. 2 sutures (FiberWire [Arthrex, Naples, FL]; Ethibond [Ethicon, Somerville, NJ]; Orthocord [DePuy Mitek, Raynham, MA]; Herculine [now called HiFi; ConMed Linvatec, Largo, FL]; MaxBraid [Arthrotek, Warsaw, IN]; and UltraBraid [Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA]).

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