Amongst 18 compounds selected in silico and tested in an enzymatic assay, 6 thiophen ureidoacid derivatives formed a new family of EF allosteric inhibitors with IC50 as low as 2 micromolars.”
“This paper describes the experimental investigation of the interdiffusion/reaction mechanisms of asymmetric polymer-polymer interfaces. The study deals with the assessment of the chemical reactions occurring at the interface between two reactive polymers. A focal point of the investigation was to study these interfacial learn more reactions by an array of techniques at very different space scales: from macroscopic viscoelastic investigations to IR and NMR spectroscopies at the molecular scale. The studied material pairs include
PE-GMA/PA6 as the reactive system (RS) and PE/PA6 as the non-reactive one (NRS) – of coextruded multilayer polymers, i.e., after processing. The linear viscoelastic properties of the reactive multilayer systems were determined and the mechanisms were analyzed by NMR and FTIR measurements. Substantial reactions occurred during the rheological measurements and the
results indicated the preferential formation of a copolymer at the interface, triggered by the neighboring layers. Moreover, the contribution of an interface/interphase effect was investigated along with the increase in the number of layers. The results showed that the variation in dynamic modulus of the multilayer system was a result of both diffusion and chemical reaction. Specific experiments were carried out to follow-up on the physicochemical phenomena, and the results were rationalized by comparing HKI-272 molecular weight the obtained data with theoretical models. The effect of this interphase was quantified at a specific welding time and oscillation frequency thanks to rheological modeling. Because of the coupling between rheology and spectroscopical tools, potential reactions between the GMA functions and the amine/carboxylic polyamide chain ends were explored. The results highlighted that the main
reaction mechanism was constituted by the crosslinking reaction between the GMA and carboxylic acid units, and not by that between GMA and amine end functions. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“We have successfully synthesised hydrotalcites (HTs) containing calcium, which are naturally occurring minerals. Insight into the unique structure of check details HTs has been obtained using a combination of X-ray diffraction (XRD) as well as infrared and Raman spectroscopies. Calcium-containing hydrotalcites (Ca-HTs) of the formula Ca4Al2(CO3)(OH) (12)center dot 4H(2)O (2:1 Ca-HT) to Ca8Al2(CO3)(OH) (20)center dot 4H(2)O (4:1 Ca-HT) have been successfully synthesised and characterised by XRD and Raman spectroscopy. XRD has shown that 3:1 calcium HTs have the largest interlayer distance. Raman spectroscopy complemented with selected infrared data has been used to characterise the synthesised Ca-HTs.