05). This study suggested that the efficacy of anticancer pentacyclic triterpene AA against hepatoblastoma HepG2 could be increased by co-drying with antioxidative mungbean protein hydrolysate in lactose excipient. (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
asymmetric gas separation membranes were prepared by a dual bath coagulation method using a wet phase inversion technique. The membranes were cast from polysulfone solution in different solvents such as: dimethyl-formamid, 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, N-N-dimethyl-acetamide (DMAC), and click here tetrahydrofuran. The mixtures of water/iso-propanol (IPA), water/propanol, water/ethanol (EtOH), and water/methanol (MeOH) with volume ratio of 80/20 were used as the first coagulation bath. This led to the formation of a dense skin top layer. Distillated water was used as the Birinapant chemical structure second
coagulation bath. The influences of several experimental variables, such as thickness of the membrane, polymer concentration, type of solvent and nonsolvent, immersion time in IPA 20%, and second coagulation bath temperature on skin layer and sublayer were elucidated. For preparing membrane with higher permeance, the influence of internal nonsolvents and addition of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as additive were investigated. The membrane performance was tested in terms of gas permeance and selectivity for O(2)/N(2) separation. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 121: 2157-2167, 2011″
“Purpose: To fully characterize beam-hardening effects caused by iodinated contrast medium in the left ventricular (LV) cavity and aorta in the assessment of myocardial perfusion at computed tomography (CT) and to validate a beam-hardening artifact correction algorithm that considers fluid-filled vessels and chambers important
sources of beam hardening.
Materials and Methods: The Johns Hopkins University animal care and use committee approved all procedures. An anatomically correct LV and www.sellecn.cn/products/azd1390.html myocardial phantom to characterize beam-hardening artifacts was designed. Following validation in the phantom, the beam-hardening correction (BHC) algorithm was applied to 256-detector row dynamic volume CT images in a canine ischemia model (n = 5) during adenosine stress, and the effect of beam hardening was determined by comparing regional dynamic volume CT perfusion metrics (myocardial upslope normalized by maximum LV blood pool attenuation) with microsphere-derived myocardial blood flow (MBF). A paired Student t test was used to compare continuous variables from the same subject but under different conditions, while linear regression analysis was performed to estimate the slope and statistical significance of the relationship between CT-derived perfusion metrics and microsphere-derived MBF.
Results: Beam-hardening artifacts were successfully reproduced in phantom studies and were eliminated with the BHC algorithm.